What is the strongest attractive force between particles?
Solid In a solid, the attractive forces keep the particles together tightly enough so that the particles do not move past each other. … The kinetic energy of the molecule is greater than the attractive force between them, thus they are much farther apart and move freely of each other.
Which substance have more force of attraction?
Gases have the least attraction forces, liquids have the intermediate force of attraction, and solids have the highest forces of attraction. Here oxygen being a gas, has the least forces of attraction. Then comes water which exists in a liquid state of matter, and then sugar, the solid.
In which liquid are the intermolecular attractive forces the strongest?
Therefore, the strongest intermolecular force in liquids is hydrogen bonding (assuming no ionic compound is dissolved).
What are attractive forces?
Attractive forces between particles play a role in the properties of the three states of matter. The strength of the attractive force between particles is one factor that determines if a particular substance will be a solid, liquid, or gas. Vary the strength of the attractive force between particles in this model.
Why do solids have the strongest attractive force?
As the temperature continues to drop, the matter forms a solid. Due to the solid’s low kinetic energy, particles have no “time” to move around, the particles have more “time” to be attracted. Therefore, solids have the strongest intramolecular forces (because they have the strongest attraction).
Do liquids have attractive forces?
In a liquid, intermolecular attractive forces hold the molecules in contact, although they still have sufficient KE to move past each other. Intermolecular attractive forces, collectively referred to as van der Waals forces, are responsible for the behavior of liquids and solids and are electrostatic in nature.
Why are the intermolecular attractive forces stronger in liquids and solids than they are in gases?
Why are the intermolecular attractive forces stronger in liquids and solids than they are in gases? Intermolecular attractions rapidly become weaker as the distance between the molecules becomes larger. On average, gas molecules are far apart. On average, liquid and solid molecules are close together.
Why are the intermolecular forces of attraction in liquids weaker than in the solids?
Answer: Because the molecules of solids are more closer then liquids.
What causes an attractive force?
The attraction occurs when two objects of opposite charge are in close proximity, and the electrical force causes these objects to attract. Therefore, positive and negative charges will attract each other.
How do you find the attractive force?
Calculate the force of attraction according to F = k * q1 * q2 / d2.
What are the 2 types of forces of attraction?
These forces can be classified into 2 types: Intramolecular forces: Intramolecular force of attraction are the forces of attraction which keep a molecule together. Intermolecular forces: Intermolecular forces are forces of attraction or repulsion which act between neighboring particles (atoms, molecules or ions).